Carbon Emissions, Agricultural Output and Life Expectancy in West Africa

Authors

  • Oluwatoyin A. Matthew Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3876-3479
  • Oluwarotimi A. Owolabi Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Romanus Osabohien Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Ese Urhie Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Toun Ogunbiyi Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Tomike I. Olawande Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Oluwatosin D. Edafe Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Praise J. Daramola

Abstract

Carbon emissions are basically gaseous substances that are generated from human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels, into the atmosphere, and these emissions affect agricultural output and human health. The rising level of carbon emissions into the atmosphere has become a problem worldwide. Thus, this study examined the effect of carbon emissions on agricultural output and life expectancy in West Africa using data that spanned the period between 2000 and 2018. The study employed the Two Stage Least Squares (2SLS) econometric technique. The findings from the study revealed that a one percent increase in carbon emissions bring about a 3.818 percent reduction in agricultural output, that is, carbon emissions adversely affect agricultural output in West Africa. Also, a one percent increase in carbon emissions bring about a 0.123 percent increase in life expectancy, that is, carbon emissions boost life expectancy in West Africa. Therefore, this study recommends that the governments of the West African countries should formulate environmental policies that will help mitigate the adverse impact of carbon dioxide emissions on the agricultural sector, and also improve on healthcare delivery in the hospitals so as to reduce the mortality rate, this will help increase life expectancy in West Africa.

Keywords: Carbon Emissions, Agricultural Output, Two Stage Least Squares, West Africa

JEL Classifications: Q4, R11, L98.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.9177

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Author Biographies

Oluwatoyin A. Matthew, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Department of Economics & Development Studies, College of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota.

Oluwarotimi A. Owolabi, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Department of Economics & Development Studies, College of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota.

Romanus Osabohien, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Department of Economics & Development Studies, College of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota.

Ese Urhie, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Department of Economics & Development Studies, College of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota.

Toun Ogunbiyi, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Department of Economics & Development Studies, College of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota.

Tomike I. Olawande, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Department of Sociology, College of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota.

Oluwatosin D. Edafe, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Department of Economics & Development Studies, College of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Ota.

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Published

2020-09-06

How to Cite

Matthew, O. A., Owolabi, O. A., Osabohien, R., Urhie, E., Ogunbiyi, T., Olawande, T. I., Edafe, O. D., & Daramola, P. J. (2020). Carbon Emissions, Agricultural Output and Life Expectancy in West Africa. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 10(3), 489–496. Retrieved from https://econjournals.com/index.php/ijeep/article/view/9177

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