The Effect of GDP Per Capita, Population, and Income Inequality on CO2 Emissions in Indonesia


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Authors

  • Aripin Ahmad University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
  • Heru Wahyudi University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
  • Winda Riska Lestari The Institute of Informatics and Business Darmajaya, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.15224

Keywords:

CO2, GDP, Income Inequality, Population

Abstract

This study aims to see the effect of GDP per capita, income inequality, and population on CO2 emissions in Indonesia from 1990-2021. This research uses a descriptive quantitative method. The data used is secondary data, in the form of annual data for 32 years. The analytical method used is the error correction model (ECM) to see the short- and long-term effects between the independent and dependent variables. The results of this study indicate that GDP per capita has a positive and significant effect on Indonesia, both in the short term and in the long term. The income inequality variable has a positive and insignificant effect on CO2 emissions in Indonesia in the short term. Meanwhile, in the long term, income inequality has a negative and insignificant effect on CO2 emissions in Indonesia. The population variable has an insignificant negative effect on CO2 emissions in Indonesia in the short term. However, in the long term, the population significantly affects CO2 emissions in Indonesia.

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Published

2024-01-15

How to Cite

Ahmad, A., Wahyudi, H., & Lestari, W. R. (2024). The Effect of GDP Per Capita, Population, and Income Inequality on CO2 Emissions in Indonesia. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 14(1), 365–370. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.15224

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