Competitiveness, Market Structure, and Energy Policies: A Case Study of the World’s Largest Crude Palm Oil Exporter
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Keywords:Crude Palm Oil, competitiveness, Biodiesel, Subsidy, Energy Industry
AbstractCrude Palm Oil (CPO) is the mainstay of Indonesian agricultural products which is the largest CPO producing country in the world. The high market share of Indonesian CPO exports reflects the high competitiveness of Indonesian CPO in the global market. The purpose of this study is to determine the competitiveness of Indonesian CPO, the concentration of the Indonesian CPO industry, and analyze the factors that are suspected to affect the competitiveness of the CPO industry in Indonesia. The data used in this study are secondary data with a five-digit ISIC (10432) using time series data for 2001-2020 and the analytical techniques used in this study include Revealed Competitive Advantage (RCA), Gini Coefficient, and Error Correction Model (ECM). The results showed that Indonesian CPO has high competitiveness in the international market, the Indonesian CPO industry is not concentrated, in the short term the variables that affect competitiveness are CPO prices, subsidized solar prices policy, and industrial concentrations, while in the long term the influential variables are biodiesel policy, subsidized diesel oil policy and industrial concentration
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How to Cite
Hidayat, A., Robiani, B., Marwa, T., & Suhel, S. (2023). Competitiveness, Market Structure, and Energy Policies: A Case Study of the World’s Largest Crude Palm Oil Exporter. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 13(3), 111–121. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.14199