Empirical Investigation of the Impact of Energy intensity and Financial Institutions Efficiency on Environmental Degradation in Pakistan


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Authors

  • Azra Azra Department of Economics, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, Pakistan,
  • Shahid Munir Department of Economics, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, Pakistan,
  • Khurram Abbas Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sahiwal Campus, Sahiwal, Pakistan,
  • Muhammad Hasnain Khalid Department of Economics, University of Haripur, Haripur, Pakistan.
  • Ihtisham Ul Haq Department of Economics, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, Pakistan,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.13874

Keywords:

Energy intensity, Financial institutions efficiency, environmental degradation

Abstract

Pakistan’s is relentlessly affected by climate change and is looking for foreign assistant to deal with climate change challenges. Also, Pakistan is trying to tackle with climate change domestically. Environmental degradation consequently leads to climate change domestically as well as globally. Environmental degradation is extensively studied in empirical literature. Efficient use of resources only can ensure to lessen environmental degradation and its effects in terms of climate change. Henceforth, the current empirical study is analyzing the impact of energy intensity and financial institutions efficiency on environmental degradation in Pakistan. The energy intensity is considered as a factor of environmental degradation as it is one of the proxy for energy efficiency. Moreover, for overall economic activities impact on environmental degradation, this study considered GDP as a control variable. The time series techniques such as unit root and bounds cointegration techniques are applied for non-stationarity, cointegration and results estimates. The result of this study documented that energy intensity, financial institutions efficiency and GDP are factors of environmental degradation and energy intensity and GDP are aggravating environmental degradation whereas financial institutions efficiency has abstained it in Pakistan.

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Published

2023-01-22

How to Cite

Azra, A., Munir, S., Abbas, K., Khalid, M. H., & Ul Haq, I. (2023). Empirical Investigation of the Impact of Energy intensity and Financial Institutions Efficiency on Environmental Degradation in Pakistan. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 13(1), 413–420. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.13874

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