An Overview of Electricity in Cameroon: Current Status, Influential Factors and Government Actions
The mastery of demand for electricity in Cameroon is one of the concerns of the State, which is part of the development plan for the electricity sector by 2025. Thus, this paper identifies the factors that influence the electricity sector and mentions positive government actions. We use in this work data on the basis of previous work on one hand and a survey on the other hand in order to reinforce the analysis. The survey was conducted on a sample of 3,000 households in Douala in order to identify socio-economic factors that influence the electricity sector. For this, face-to-face approach was chosen. Households were randomly selected, then a questionnaire was submitted to them, assisting them in their response options. Results show that though certain factors have a positive influence on the electricity sector, Cameroon's current electricity system still remains unsustainable. A comprehensive view of how various factors influence the electricity sector in Cameroon would help in understanding the challenges for the future development of the sector. Government policies in this area would be more enlightened and undergo reorganization. Different models of electricity consumption could thus be formulated and adopted in order to predict the potential impacts of changes in planning.