The Relationship between GDP and Biomass Energy Per Capita in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors

  • Desire SEKANABO Centre for Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing, College of Science and Technology, University of Rwanda, Rwanda,
  • Elias Nyandwi Centre for Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing, College of Science and Technology, University of Rwanda, Rwanda,
  • Hakizimana Khan Jean de Dieu African Centre of Excellence in Energy for Sustainable Development, College of Science and Technology, University of Rwanda, Rwanda,
  • Valerie M. Thomas Georgia Institute of Technology, H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial and Systems Engineering, and School of Public Policy, USA.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.12550

Abstract

The relationship between traditional biomass energy consumption and economic growth is examined in 15 Sub-Saharan Africa countries based on available World Bank data for the period of 1990–2019, in terms of biomass energy per capita and real GDP per capita. Three sets of countries, showing different relations of GDP and biomass are discussed. On one hand, the largest set of countries shows increasing GDP and increasing biomass use per capita. On the other hand, the next largest set of countries shows increasing GDP and decreasing biomass use per capita. There is also a small set of countries with decreasing GDP, with examples of both increasing and decreasing biomass use per capita. For most of these countries we find a positive relationship between biomass energy consumption and GDP, per person. The results indicate that biomass energy use does not necessarily fall with increasing GDP, and also that several countries have introduced successful measures to reduce biomass use.

Keywords:

Biomass Energy, Economic Growth, Correlation, Unit Root Test, FMOLS, Co-integration

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Published

2022-07-20

How to Cite

SEKANABO, D., Nyandwi, E., Dieu, H. K. J. de, & Thomas, V. M. (2022). The Relationship between GDP and Biomass Energy Per Capita in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 12(4), 528–541. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.12550

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Articles