What Difference Urban Sprawl, Industrialization and Migration Can Make in Energy Consumption? A Time-series Analysis of Thailand

Chonmapat Torasa, Waleerak Sittisom, Witthaya Mekhum


Energy consumption throughout the world is being an issue with much importance as the next generations lives depend upon how we consume energy. Thailand’s energy resources in this decade have gone towards depletion. The study shows that if people start spreading by increasing urbanization and migrating then it will imply a positive effect on the energy consumption of the population. The research is contributed on the data gathered over a period of 25 years. The independent variables of the research are urban sprawl, industrialization and migration and their effect is measured on the dependent variable that is energy consumption. Moreover, control variables are also selected which are population growth and GDP of Thailand. The test used for this study include Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) unit root test to check for the stationarity of the variables, panel co-integration test to seek for the integration among the variables, and Autoregressive distributed time lag (ARDL) models to understand the effect in chosen time period The results state that the Urban sprawl process, industrialization and migration help in energy consumption and the population growth, as well as urban spare, has an insignificant impact on energy consumption in short.

Keywords: Urban Sprawl, Industrialization, Migration, Energy Consumption

JEL Classifications: O18, O14

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.10229

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