Estimating the Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in Malaysia

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  • Wan Roshidah Fadzim
  • Mukhriz Izraf Azman Aziz UNIVERSITI UTARA MALAYSIA
  • Siti Hadijah Che Mat
  • Selamah Maamor


In Malaysia, cocoa production is characterized by several problems that lead to low productivity. The low productivity is evident from the continuous drop in cocoa production  since 2001 despite efforts from governing bodies to boost output. This study investigates this issue by looking into the production efficiency among smallholder cocoa farmers in Malaysia. The technical efficiencies of cocoa farmers in Malaysia is estimated using data envelopment analysis. The study relies upon primary data gathered during the 2013 production season. Data are collected from a set of structured questionnaire administered on 375 smallholder cocoa farmers throughout Malaysia. Result of the analysis shows that the mean efficiency score is 0.526. In short, there existed inefficiency among the sampled farmers.Keywords: Cocoa, technical efficiency, data envelopment analysisJEL Classifications: D24, Q12


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How to Cite

Fadzim, W. R., Aziz, M. I. A., Mat, S. H. C., & Maamor, S. (2016). Estimating the Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in Malaysia. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 6(7S), 1–5. Retrieved from