Socio-Economic Determinants of Crime: An Empirical Study of Pakistan


  • Awais Anwar Center of Economics and Research Shandong University Central Campus Jinan, China
  • Noman Arshed b Lecturer Economics, Department of Economics University of Management & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sofia Anwar Head of Economics Department, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan


The objective of present study is to empirically examine the socio-economic determinants of crime in Pakistan. The analysis is carried out by using the annual time series data for the period 1973-2014. The dependent variable is total crime rate (per one million population), While the explanatory variables are unemployment, education, income inequality, per capita income, and deterrence variable. The study estimates, the long-run and short-run elasticities of supply of offense function by using ARDL (Autoregressive Distributed Lag model) approach.

Keywords: Deterrence, time series, Crime rate, Property crime, Violent Crime

JEL classifications: I24, N3, P46


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Anwar, A., Arshed, N., & Anwar, S. (2017). Socio-Economic Determinants of Crime: An Empirical Study of Pakistan. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7(1), 312–322. Retrieved from