Tourism and Economic Growth in Jordan: Evidence from Linear and Nonlinear Frameworks


  • Buthaina M.A. Muhtaseb the university of Jordan
  • Hussam-Eldin Daoud Mutah Un.


This study investigates cointegration and causal effects between tourism and economic growth in Jordan. We use quarterly data from 1998Q1 to 2015Q4 on real GDP and real international tourism receipts. Two empirical approaches are employed; Engle and Granger (1987) linear cointegration framework, and the nonlinear framework of Enders and Siklos (2001) cointegration test, in addition to Diks and Panchenko (2006) causality test. Empirical findings reveal the presence of a positive long-run relationship between tourism and economic growth. According to the linear approach there is a unidirectional causality from tourism to growth, thus, supporting the tourism-led growth hypothesis. Whereas, the nonlinear method, which seems to give more appropriate results, suggests a bidirectional causality, hence, confirming the feedback hypothesis that economic growth and tourism reinforce each other.

Keywords: Tourism Receipts, Economic Growth, Linear and Nonlinear Frameworks, Jordan.

JEL Classifications: L83, C33, F43, O50


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Buthaina M.A. Muhtaseb, the university of Jordan

Economic Department

Hussam-Eldin Daoud, Mutah Un.

Mutah Universitythe colege of Business adminstrationDepartment of Economic, Business & financeMutah-Karak. JordanMutah streetPost Code 61710Fax 00962 03 2375540Tel 00962799913554 




How to Cite

Muhtaseb, B. M., & Daoud, H.-E. (2017). Tourism and Economic Growth in Jordan: Evidence from Linear and Nonlinear Frameworks. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7(1), 214–223. Retrieved from