Money Supply, Banking and Economic Growth: A Cross Country Analysis

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  • Ahmad AlHarbi Alasala Colleges, Saudi Arabia
  • Wafa Sbeiti American University of Kuwait, Kuwait,
  • Moid Ahmad Scholeio Education, NCR, India



Panel Data, Banking, Broad Money, Financial Soundness, GDP


The primary objective of the research is to understand the interactions between money supply, banking and economic growth for effective policy interventions and business decisions. Based on annual data for the time period (2004-2021), descriptive analysis, correlations, causality tests and panel data regressions are analyzed for a sample from India, Saudi Arabia and UAE to draw conclusions. The results favored the ‘intermediation theory’ and were contrary to the ‘credit creation’ theory of banking. It was observed that the GDP of a country can be efficiently explained by financial soundness, broad money, loans and deposits for a country. Also, that the GDP of a country influences banking loans and deposits but not vice versa. The monetary policy of the sample was questioned by the finding that GDP causes banking loans and banking deposits but not vice versa. This important finding will add to the effectiveness in business decision making.


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Author Biography

Ahmad AlHarbi, Alasala Colleges, Saudi Arabia

Assistant Professor, Alasala College




How to Cite

AlHarbi, A., Sbeiti, W., & Ahmad, M. (2024). Money Supply, Banking and Economic Growth: A Cross Country Analysis. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 14(2), 234–242.