The Impact of Fintech Innovation on Bank’s Performance: Evidence from the Kingdom of Bahrain


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Authors

  • Hanan Naser Business and Economics, American University of Bahrain, Riffa, Kingdom of Bahrain
  • Gavkhar Sultanova University of World Economy and Diplomacy, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Shamsun Nahar Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32479/ijefi.15512

Keywords:

Fintech, Innovation. Commercial Banks, Performance, Bahrain.

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of bank-level Financial Technology (Fintech) innovations on banks’ performance in the Kingdom of Bahrain from 2012-2021. Annual data of banks listed in Bahrain’s Bourse has been utilized to achieve this objective. In addition, bank-level FinTech indices have been constructed by a textual analysis method that assesses input dimensions through 32 keywords under four categories, including artificial intelligence, blockchain, cloud computing, and big data; FinTech output dimension is evaluated through payment and settlement, resource allocation, risk management, and channel construction technology. Using different panel data estimators, such as pooled OLS, fixed effects, random effects, and panel-corrected standard errors linear regression, results show that FinTech innovations increase banks’ performance. In addition, the findings demonstrate that banks' capital adequacy ratio, earnings ability, total assets, and annual GDP growth rate also significantly positively impact bank performance. Years in business have a significant adverse effect on bank performance. Interestingly, conventional and state-owned banks have a higher positive impact on returns on assets (ROA) than Islamic and privately owned banks. Policymakers and investors should pay close attention to facilitating ongoing FinTech innovations in the Kingdom of Bahrain to create opportunities and build a more inclusive and efficient financial sector.

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Author Biographies

Hanan Naser, Business and Economics, American University of Bahrain, Riffa, Kingdom of Bahrain

Associate Professor of Business and Economics, American University of Bahrain, Riffa, Kingdom of Bahrain

Gavkhar Sultanova, University of World Economy and Diplomacy, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Associate Professor of the University of World Economy and Diplomacy, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Shamsun Nahar, Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Professor of the Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Published

2024-01-20

How to Cite

Naser, H., Sultanova, G., & Nahar, S. (2024). The Impact of Fintech Innovation on Bank’s Performance: Evidence from the Kingdom of Bahrain. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 14(1), 136–143. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijefi.15512

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Articles