Historic Spatial Inequality and Poverty along Racial Lines in South Africa


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Authors

  • Faraaz Shahaboonin School of Economic Sciences, North-West University. South Africa.
  • Oladipo Olalekan David School of Economic Sciences, North-West University. South Africa.
  • Abigail Van Wyk School of Economic Sciences, North-West University. South Africa. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6014-0783

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32479/ijefi.13803

Keywords:

economic growth, poverty, spatial inequality, unemployment, Gini co-efficient

Abstract

South Africa faces many socio-economic challenges, which include sluggish economic growth, increasing unemployment rates, increasing inequality, and  high  poverty levels., This paper focused on examining how spatial inequality causes these socio-economic issues. The main thrust of the paper is to briefly investigate two major aspects, firstly the root cause of spatial inequality in South Africa, and secondly the impact that spatial inequality has on socio-economic indicators such as economic inequality, poverty, and employment levels. This research used a mixed methodology approach. Empirical research findings proved that apartheid policies contributed to high levels of poverty and inequality in South Africa. As the empirical results show, the existing inequalities in South Africa are predominantly based on a racial sub-group basis, which confirms the causal relationship with historic apartheid spatial policies enforced on a racial basis. Primary research findings depicted that the post-apartheid era is characterised by high poverty levels and huge inequality with the bulk of blacks exposed to diverse macro-economic challenges.  Policy recommendation-wise, it was suggested that the government should continue to redress the systems of apartheid and use policies that help to eradicate poverty.

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Author Biographies

Faraaz Shahaboonin, School of Economic Sciences, North-West University. South Africa.

Honours Graduate

Abigail Van Wyk, School of Economic Sciences, North-West University. South Africa.

I'm a lecturer in the School of Economic Sciences with more than 5 years of experience in the field. I hold a Master's in Economics (2015) and submitting a Ph.D. in Economics (2023). My field of interest: Macroeconomics - unemployment, labour markets, financial development, economic growth. Economic development.

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Published

2023-01-14

How to Cite

Shahaboonin, F., David, O. O., & Wyk, A. V. (2023). Historic Spatial Inequality and Poverty along Racial Lines in South Africa. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 13(1), 102–111. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijefi.13803

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