Terrorism and International Tourism Nexus: Evidence from Pakistan

Authors

  • Abdur Rauf
  • Hafiz Muhammad Abubakar Siddique
  • Qasim Saleem GIFT University
  • Sidra Sidra

Abstract

The association among terrorism and tourism is crucial from the macroeconomic perspective as tourism is considered as a vital sector regarding developmental impacts. This analysis conducted to extract the influence of terrorism on tourism in Pakistan, expending the latest dataset and incorporating some additional factors like FDI, human capital, and economic growth for 1980-2016, using ARDL bounds test. The evidence shows that terrorism has an inverse relationship with tourism in the long run that is statistically significant. Economic growth, FDI, and human capital are the increasing factors of tourism. Terrorism may cause to create insecurity and devastating recreational places. There is a need to resolve the issue of terrorism to enhance tourism in Pakistan. It may help tourist authorities to understand the nature of the impact of terrorism on the tourism industry in Pakistan.

Keywords: Terrorism, Tourism, ARDL, Human Capital, Economic Growth

JEL Classifications: L83, Z32, J24, F43

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32479/ijefi.10674

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Published

2020-11-05

How to Cite

Rauf, A., Siddique, H. M. A., Saleem, Q., & Sidra, S. (2020). Terrorism and International Tourism Nexus: Evidence from Pakistan. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 10(5), 387–393. Retrieved from http://econjournals.com/index.php/ijefi/article/view/10674

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