Modeling and Forecasting Energy Consumption in the Manufacturing Industry in South Asia.

Muslima Zahan, Ron S. Kenett

Abstract


The aim of this study is to model energy consumption and Manufacturing Value Added (MVA) in the industry level of five South Asian countries. Firstly, a cross-sectional model was developed by using R-statistical software to estimate the MVA with energy consumption being the independent variable. Secondly, a twenty years data series was analyzed to forecast volume of energy consumption in the manufacturing industry for five countries in a comparative manner. Thus, a prediction model was developed by using the time series forecasting system of the SAS statistical software and evaluated using Mean Square Error (MSE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Mean Absolute Error (MAE) and Mean Absolute Percent Error (MAPE) with forecasts made up to year 2021. The forecasted energy consumption data might be used in the cross-sectional model to forecast MVA. Besides, based on the increasing trends in volume of energy, industry should prepare now for using efficient and clean energy in order to achieve an environment friendly and sustainable manufacturing industry.

Keywords: Energy Consumption; Manufacturing Value Added (MVA); Cross-sectional model; Time Series Model

JEL Classifications: C21; C22; Q47; L60


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